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 Audit table trigger performance hit
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Sonu619
Posting Yak Master

195 Posts

Posted - 09/14/2011 :  15:50:23  Show Profile  Reply with Quote
Kristen, Thank you for your reply, I am bit confuse. If i use above Trigger on table works fine. but its very slow with SCD Transformation in SSIS. I want to track only few fields from 2 to 3 different tables. My question was how i can track changes on fields insted of table, You reply with solution (THANKS), i am but confuse. Please could you please make changes to use only few fields insted of table, Below are sample trigger that i am using. Appreciate for your help!

create trigger tr_MAIN_TABLE on MAIN_TABLE for insert, update, delete
as

declare @bit int ,
@field int ,
@maxfield int ,
@char int ,
@fieldname varchar(128) ,
@TableName varchar(128) ,
@PKCols varchar(1000) ,
@sql varchar(2000),
@UpdateDate varchar(21) ,
@UserName varchar(128) ,
@Type char(1) ,
@PKSelect varchar(1000)

select @TableName = 'MAIN_TABLE'

-- date and user
select @UserName = system_user ,
@UpdateDate = convert(varchar(8), getdate(), 112) + ' ' + convert(varchar(12), getdate(), 114)

-- Action
if exists (select * from inserted)
if exists (select * from deleted)
select @Type = 'U'
else
select @Type = 'I'
else
select @Type = 'D'

-- get list of columns
select * into #ins from inserted
select * into #del from deleted

-- Get primary key columns for full outer join
select @PKCols = coalesce(@PKCols + ' and', ' on') + ' i.' + c.COLUMN_NAME + ' = d.' + c.COLUMN_NAME
from INFORMATION_SCHEMA.TABLE_CONSTRAINTS pk ,
INFORMATION_SCHEMA.KEY_COLUMN_USAGE c
where pk.TABLE_NAME = @TableName
and CONSTRAINT_TYPE = 'PRIMARY KEY'
and c.TABLE_NAME = pk.TABLE_NAME
and c.CONSTRAINT_NAME = pk.CONSTRAINT_NAME

-- Get primary key select for insert
select @PKSelect = coalesce(@PKSelect+'+','') + '''<' + COLUMN_NAME + '=''+convert(varchar(100),coalesce(i.' + COLUMN_NAME +',d.' + COLUMN_NAME + '))+''>'''
from INFORMATION_SCHEMA.TABLE_CONSTRAINTS pk ,
INFORMATION_SCHEMA.KEY_COLUMN_USAGE c
where pk.TABLE_NAME = @TableName
and CONSTRAINT_TYPE = 'PRIMARY KEY'
and c.TABLE_NAME = pk.TABLE_NAME
and c.CONSTRAINT_NAME = pk.CONSTRAINT_NAME

if @PKCols is null
begin
raiserror('no PK on table %s', 16, -1, @TableName)
return
end

select @field = 0, @maxfield = max(ORDINAL_POSITION) from INFORMATION_SCHEMA.COLUMNS where TABLE_NAME = @TableName
while @field < @maxfield
begin
select @field = min(ORDINAL_POSITION) from INFORMATION_SCHEMA.COLUMNS where TABLE_NAME = @TableName and ORDINAL_POSITION > @field
select @bit = (@field - 1 )% 8 + 1
select @bit = power(2,@bit - 1)
select @char = ((@field - 1) / 8) + 1
if substring(COLUMNS_UPDATED(),@char, 1) & @bit > 0 or @Type in ('I','D')
begin
select @fieldname = COLUMN_NAME from INFORMATION_SCHEMA.COLUMNS where TABLE_NAME = @TableName and ORDINAL_POSITION = @field
select @sql = 'insert Audit_MAIN_TABLE (Type, TableName, PK, FieldName, OldValue, NewValue, UpdateDate, UserName)'
select @sql = @sql + ' select ''' + @Type + ''''
select @sql = @sql + ',''' + @TableName + ''''
select @sql = @sql + ',' + @PKSelect
select @sql = @sql + ',''' + @fieldname + ''''
select @sql = @sql + ',convert(varchar(1000),d.' + @fieldname + ')'
select @sql = @sql + ',convert(varchar(1000),i.' + @fieldname + ')'
select @sql = @sql + ',''' + @UpdateDate + ''''
select @sql = @sql + ',''' + @UserName + ''''
select @sql = @sql + ' from #ins i full outer join #del d'
select @sql = @sql + @PKCols
select @sql = @sql + ' where i.' + @fieldname + ' <> d.' + @fieldname
select @sql = @sql + ' or (i.' + @fieldname + ' is null and d.' + @fieldname + ' is not null)'
select @sql = @sql + ' or (i.' + @fieldname + ' is not null and d.' + @fieldname + ' is null)'
exec (@sql)
end
end
go

Thank You.
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Kristen
Test

United Kingdom
22403 Posts

Posted - 09/14/2011 :  17:15:53  Show Profile  Reply with Quote
As I have posted before I don't use that method as I found it too slow and too hard to report on. We use a mechanism that records changes per-table, rather than generically.
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